train a dog to sit on command
- Get the dog’s attention by saying their name, then say “sit” in a firm voice (without repeating yourself).
- Praise the dog when they are in the correct position.
- If the dog didn’t sit, lure them into the correct position with a treat or toy. You can also try picking up their front paws and putting them into position while praising them, but never force a dog to sit by pushing on their bottom; this can cause pain and injury if it is done incorrectly.
train a dog to stay on command
- Get a bag of really good treats. Something that smells really strong, like meat or cheese, is a good choice.
- Put the treat in your hand and get your dog’s attention.
- When you have his attention, say “stay.” Hold the treat up like you are going to feed it to him but don’t let him take it yet.
- Wait for a second before giving him the treat (while he is still staying) and then give it to him.
train a dog to lie down on command
- Start by saying “down” and then lure your dog with a treat to lie down.
- When your dog is lying down, say the command word such as “down” once more and then reward him with a treat.
- Repeat this many times until your dog understands what you want him to do when you give the command word.
- Give plenty of praise each time your dog lies down on his own without being lured or tempted with treats or toys so that he knows he has done the right thing and it will encourage him to continue doing this behavior on his own without a reward in future training sessions.
train a dog to come on command
To train a dog to come to you, start by rewarding the dog with treats when they do it without you having to call them. You can also use a clicker or other sound to reward them. Make sure the word you use to command the dog is meaningful and don’t change it. Practice calling your dog in different locations and make sure they go back to where they started or get a treat on their way back. If your dog doesn’t come, don’t chase him/her as you will reinforce running away from you as a good thing. Getting a dog to come to you every time is one of the most important commands for dog owners who want good control over their dogs, especially for safety reasons and for petting other people’s dogs.
train a dog to heel on command
Begin by teaching the dog to walk on a leash. You can do this using a training collar or a normal collar and just some treats. With either type of collar, make sure the leash is long enough that the dog has a little slack on it but not so much that it drags on the ground.
Start with small goals and build up to bigger ones. For instance, first, teach your dog to walk forward for even just one step. Click your clicker or say “yes” and give your dog a treat when he moves in the right direction. Then teach him to walk more steps and then more steps again until you’ve got him walking next to you with his head at your hip level for as long as you want him to stay there – maybe 10 minutes or more!
Now we’ll learn about how far apart each foot should be from one another when walking beside this position’s handler (i.e., “heel”). In order for our canine friend here not only stay close enough but also look good while doing so (and thus get lots of attention), she needs room between her feet because otherwise she might trip over them! The other reason why we want space between her paws is so they don’t scrape on anything like hardwood floors–and if they did then people wouldn’t want nearly as many pets around their house because it would make such noises that are annoying.”
You can teach your dog many commands.
Now that you understand the basic principles of training your dog, you are ready to start teaching him basic commands. Keep in mind that not every dog will learn commands at the same rate. Even within a litter of puppies from the same mother and father, some pups will pick up commands more easily than others. If you feel like your dog is having difficulty learning or understanding a command, don’t get frustrated. Just spend a little extra time on that skill before moving on to another one.
Here are 5 basic commands and how to teach them: